2019/Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2019 Jun 19. pii: S0049-0172(18)30711-X.


Poindron V, Chatelus E, Canuet M, Gottenberg JE, Arnaud L, Gangi A, Gavand PE, Guffroy A, Korganow AS, Germain P, Sibilia J, El Ghannudi S, Martin T.


OBJECTIVES: cardiac involvement is the second most frequent systemic sclerosis (SSc) related cause of death. It remains mostly asymptomatic in the early stage and is underdiagnosed with routine screening. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) could improve cardiac assessment of patients and noteworthily, new sequences allow the detection of diffuse myocardial fibrosis (DMF) by native T1 mapping. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cardiac involvement by CMR native T1 mapping and its correlation with echocardiography data and non-cardiac manifestations in SSc patients.

METHODS: patients fulfilling the ACR/EULAR classification criteria for SSc were prospectively included between 2014 and 2016. They underwent CMR at 1.5T, including native T1 and T2 mapping, and Late Gadolinium Enhancement (LGE) as a part of routine follow up. Routine biological tests (mainly BNP and CRP) were centralized in the hospital laboratory.

RESULTS: seventy-two unselected patients were included. Thirty six patients (50%) had elevated T1 (ET1) (mean T1 1097±14 ms). CMR cardiac functional parameters were similar in ET1 and normal T1 (NT1). Echocardiography was normal in 18 (50%) of ET1. ET1 and NT1 groups were similar for cardiovascular risk factors and ischemic heart disease. ET1 was not correlated with any clinical or echocardiographic parameter or antibody profile. Thirty-six percent of patients with ET1 had no cardiac symptoms, normal echocardiography and CMR LVEF, and no LGE.

CONCLUSION: native T1 mapping detects left ventricular ET1 (potential DMF) in 50% of patients with SSc and a third of them had a normal conventional screening including standard CMR. In the future, further studies are needed to confirm the benefit of use of native T1 mapping as a part of routine follow up to detect earlier pejorative cardiac involvement in SSc patients.


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